Good article that popeye found and posted on COP:
New term you need to know: “by-product feedstuffs”
- Candy. Candy products are available through a number of distributors and sometimes directly from smaller plants… They are sometimes fed in their wrappers…. Candies, such as cull gummy bears, lemon drops or gum drops are high in sugar content.
- Bakery Wastes. Stale bread and other pastry products from stores or bakeries can be fed to dairy cattle in limited amounts. These products are sometimes fed as received without drying or even removal of the wrappers.
- Potato Waste is available in potato processing areas, and includes cull potatoes, French fries and potato chips. Cull fresh potatoes that are not frozen, rotten, or sprouted can be fed to cows either whole or chopped. Potato waste straight from a processing plant may contain varying amounts of inedible or rotten potatoes. French fries and chips contain fats or oils from frying operations.
- Starch. Unheated starch is available from some candy manufacturers and sometimes may contain pieces of candy.
- Pasta is available from pasta plants and some ingredient distributors as straight pasta or in blends with other ingredients, such as candy.
*This list is excerpted from “By-Product Feedstuffs in Dairy Cattle Diets in the Upper Midwest,” published in 2008 by the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
SCORE TEN FOR GRASS-FED BEEF
Compared with grain-fed beef, grass-fed beef was:
1. Lower in fat
2. Higher in beta-carotene
3. Higher in Vitamin E(alpha-tocopherol)
4. higher in B Vitamins, Thiamin and Riboflavin
5. Higher in the minerals calcium, magnesium and potassium
6. Higher in total omega-3s
7. A healthier ratio omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids
8. Higher in ChA (cis-9 trans-11), a potential cancer fighter
9. Higher in vaccine acid (which can be transformed into CLA)
10. Lower in saturated fats linked with heart disease
Source: S.K. Duckett et al, Journal of Animal Science